The world’s population is rapidly growing and places all over the world are having to adapt with an unprecedented increase in urbanization. Towns are quickly growing into cities, and some of the densest places in the world are comprised of makeshift homes, otherwise referred to as slums. Right now, well over 1 billion people around the world live in slums. This number is rapidly growing and it is expected to reach 2 billion by the year 2030.
Design has always played a tremendous role in generating new ideas for the future. Now, more than ever, we need to turn our focus to cities and play a central role in the development of substandard neighborhoods. Slums effect much more than just housing; they affect almost all living conditions and communities as a whole.
The intent of this competition is to foster new conceptual ideas about how to better handle the growing density of unplanned cities. Contestants should consider how design can empower communities and allow for a self-sufficient future.
For this years competition, the focus will be on improving living conditions in urban settings. There are no restrictions in regards to site, program, or size. Projects can be based on a specific urban location or a general concept. The object is to limit constraints and give participants the freedom to think in the most creative way possible. Submissions do not need to be created exclusively for the Dencity Competition, but should not have been submitted or published elsewhere.
Industrialization created a boom all over the world, a total re-visioning of the supply-demand ratio had occurred. Companies in order to make more profits started generating demand in the market and to meet supplies enormous factories and industries were setups. Due to this a large number of manpower was required and hence people from rural areas started migrating to these urban regions in search for better job opportunities. The world saw a population shift from rural to urban regions and from that time till today people are migrating in search for a better standard of living. Developing countries all over the world are facing the issue of population explosion. As a result of which, people start finding cheaper and alternative methods to sustain life. For example, around 65% of Mumbai's population till date lives in slums without a proper source of drinking water, no sanitation facilities, no metered electricity and being inaccessible to emergency services, rest left about open playgrounds and social spaces.
Quality of living in these slums is below any index that someone can measure. The life expectancy for people living in such areas is around 60-65 yrs. The reason behind these slums and the way people are living is not just money, it's also because of negligence, no proper planning rules, poor use of daylight and ventilation, encroachment of property, etc.
Our Design Philosophy adapts the basic design principles, coupled with cost-effective materials and technology, proper planning rules to create a radical change in the way these settlements are being built. The design revolves around a set of rules and building patterns to achieve an incremental way of housing. The structure grows with the settlement and adapts to all its needs and functions. The idea of owning a 9 sqm module as a cost-free structure and to convert it to an 18 sqm module by paying the cost enables the consumer to grow his or her own house. The passageways that connect the modules to the ground are connected through a staircase that opens up to form a courtyard, naturally lit from the top. The terraces have been converted to green roofs to achieve cooler temperatures inside during harsh summers, they also serve as rainwater collectors. The solar panels placed on the terrace reduces the electricity consumption. Community sanitation blocks are zoned at every floor level.
The Design manages to achieve a 75% green footprint with areas for kids and elders to be used as parks and playgrounds. The open terraces and voids at various levels are used for functions such as workshops, household chores, community gatherings, etc. The Design thus Portrays a cost-effective solution and method to cope up with the ever-increasing population migration in developing urban cities through makeshift homes yet maintaining the quality index of life.